JUL 2002 - This position statement has been developed in consultation with occupational therapists and it reflects the current thinking of occupational therapists. It aims to communicate with key stakeholders (consumers, purchasers and other professions/agencies), the philosophy, key concepts, research needs, and key issues for occupational therapy evidence based practice. The term ‘evidence-based medicine’ was coined at McMaster University medical school in the 1980s as a way of describing a process of problem-based clinical teaching” (Taylor, 2000, p. 1-2). A recent popular shift is the adoption of the terms evidence-based practice, or EBP, which has a broader conceptual base and applicability across a range of health professional groups. This position statement is seen as developmental and dynamic and has a projected life span of two years.